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Gas- and Powder-Actuated Pins Design Information

Technical and Installation Notes

Powder-Actuated and Gas-Actuated Fasteners — Allowable Tension Loads in Normal-Weight Concrete

Table: Powder-Actuated and Gas-Actuated Fasteners — Allowable Tension Loads in Normal-Weight Concrete
  1. The fasteners must not be driven until the concrete has reached the designated minimum compressive strength.
  2. Minimum concrete thickness must be three times the fastener embedment into the concrete.
  3. The allowable tension values are only for the fastener in the concrete. Members connected to the concrete must be investigated in accordance with accepted design criteria.
  4. The allowable load values listed are for static load conditions. Refer to ICC-ES ESR-2138 and ESR-2811 code reports for seismic load conditions.
  5. For fastener installation in concrete with compressive strength outside of the listed range, published allowable loads shall not be extrapolated.

Powder-Actuated and Gas-Actuated Fasteners — Allowable Shear Loads in Normal-Weight Concrete

Table: Powder-Actuated and Gas-Actuated Fasteners — Allowable Shear Loads in Normal-Weight Concrete
  1. The fasteners must not be driven until the concrete has reached the designated minimum compressive strength.
  2. Minimum concrete thickness must be three times the fastener embedment into the concrete.
  3. The allowable shear values are only for the fastener in the concrete. Members connected to the concrete must be investigated
    in accordance with accepted design criteria.
  4. The allowable load values listed are for static load conditions. Refer to ICC-ES ESR-2138 and ESR-2811 code reports for seismic load conditions.
  5. For fastener installation in concrete with compressive strength outside of the listed range, published allowable loads shall not be extrapolated.

Powder-Actuated and Gas-Actuated Assemblies — Allowable Tension Loads in Normal-Weight Concrete

Table: Powder-Actuated and Gas-Actuated Fasteners — Allowable Tension Loads in Normal-Weight Concrete
  1. The fasteners must not be driven until the concrete has reached the designated minimum compressive strength.
  2. Minimum concrete thickness must be three times the fastener embedment into the concrete.
  3. The allowable tension values are only for the fastener in the concrete. Members connected to the concrete must be
    investigated in accordance with accepted design criteria.
  4. The allowable load values listed are for static load conditions. Refer to ICC-ES ESR-2138 and ESR-2811 code reports for seismic load conditions.
  5. For fastener installation in concrete with compressive strength outside of the listed range, published allowable loads shall not be extrapolated.

Powder-Actuated and Gas-Actuated Assemblies — Allowable Oblique Loads in Normal-Weight Concrete

Table: Powder-Actuated and Gas-Actuated Assemblies — Allowable Oblique Loads in Normal-Weight Concrete
  1. The fasteners must not be driven until the concrete has reached the designated minimum compressive strength.
  2. Minimum concrete thickness must be three times the fastener embedment into the concrete.
  3. The allowable oblique values are only for the fastener in the concrete. Members connected to the concrete must be
    investigated in accordance with accepted design criteria.
  4. Oblique load direction is 45° from the concrete member surface.
  5. The allowable load values listed are for static load conditions. Refer to ICC-ES ESR-2138 and ESR-2811 code reports for seismic load conditions.
  6. For fastener installation in concrete with compressive strength outside of the listed range, published allowable loads shall not be extrapolated.

Powder-Actuated and Gas-Actuated Assemblies — Allowable Oblique Loads in Normal-Weight Concrete

Table: Powder-Actuated and Gas-Actuated Assemblies — Allowable Oblique Loads in Normal-Weight Concrete
  1. The fasteners must not be driven until the concrete has reached the designated minimum compressive strength.
  2. Minimum concrete thickness must be three times the fastener embedment into the concrete.
  3. The allowable oblique values are only for the fastener in the concrete. Members connected to the concrete must be
    investigated in accordance with accepted design criteria.
  4. Oblique load direction is 45° from the concrete member surface.
  5. The allowable load values listed are for static load conditions. Refer to ICC-ES ESR-2138 and ESR-2811 code reports for seismic load conditions.
  6. For fastener installation in concrete with compressive strength outside of the listed range, published allowable loads shall not be extrapolated.

Powder-Actuated Fasteners — Allowable Tension and Shear Loads for Attachment of Wood Sill Plates to Normal-Weight Concrete

Table: Powder-Actuated Fasteners — Allowable Tension and Shear Loads for Attachment of Wood Sill Plates to Normal-Weight Concrete
  1. The fasteners must not be driven until the concrete has reached the designated minimum compressive strength.
  2. Minimum concrete thickness must be three times the fastener embedment into the concrete.
  3. The allowable tension and shear values are only for the fastener in the concrete. Members connected to the concrete must be
    investigated in accordance with accepted design criteria.
  4. Minimum concrete edge distance is 1 3/4".
  5. Only mechanically galvanized fasteners may be used to attach preservative-treated wood to concrete.
  6. Minimum spacing shall be 4" on center.
  7. The allowable load values listed are for static load conditions. Refer to ICC-ES ESR-2138 code report for seismic load conditions.

Spacing of Powder-Actuated Fasteners for Attachment of Wood Sill Plates to Normal-Weight Concrete

Table: Spacing of Powder-Actuated Fasteners for Attachment of Wood Sill Plates to Normal-Weight Concrete
  1. Spacings are based upon the attachment of 2" (nominal thickness) wood sill plates, with specific gravity
    of 0.50 or greater, to concrete floor slabs or footings.
  2. All walls shall have fasteners placed at 6" from ends of sill plates, with maximum spacing as shown in the table.
  3. Fasteners shall not be driven until the concrete has reached a compressive strength of 2,500 psi.
    Minimum edge distance is 1 3/4".
  4. The maximum horizontal transverse load on the wall shall be 5 psf.
  5. The maximum wall height shall be 14 feet.
  6. For exterior walls and interior structural walls, this table is not applicable and allowable loads must be used .
  7. Walls shall be laterally supported at the top and the bottom.
  8. Minimum spacing shall be 4" on center.
  9. Only mechanically galvanized fasteners may be used to attach preservative-treated wood to concrete.

Powder-Actuated and Gas-Actuated Fasteners — Allowable Tension Loads in Sand-Lightweight Concrete over Steel Deck

Table: Powder-Actuated and Gas-Actuated Fasteners — Allowable Tension Loads in Sand-Lightweight Concrete over Steel Deck
  1. The fastener shall not be driven until the concrete has reached the designated compressive strength.
  2. The allowable tension values are for the fastener only. Members connected to the concrete must be invesigated separately
    in accordance with accepted design criteria.
  3. Steel deck must be minimum 20 gauge and have a minimum yield strength of 38,000 psi.
  4. The minimum fastener spacing is 4". The minimum edge distances are 3 1/2" and 3" for powder-actuated fasteners and
    gas-actuated fasteners, respectively.
  5. The fastener shall be installed minimum 1 1/2" from the edge of flute and 4" from the end of the deck. The minimum fastener spacing is 4".
  6. The fastener shall be installed minimum 1" from the edge of flute and 3" from the end of the deck. The minimum fastener spacing is 4".
    For GW and GTH fasteners, the fastener must be a minimum of 1 1/8" from the edge of flute.
  7. The fastener shall be installed minimum 7/8" from the edge of flute. For inverted 1.5" “B” deck configuration, the fastener must be
    a minimum of 1" from the edge of flute. Fastener must be installed miminim 3" from the end of the deck. The minimum fastener spacing is 4".
  8. The fastener shall be installed minimum 7/8" from the edge of flute and 4" from the end of the deck. The minimum fastener spacing is 4".
  9. The allowable load values listed are for static load conditions. Refer to ICC-ES ESR-2138 and ESR-2811 code reports for seismic load conditions.

Powder-Actuated and Gas-Actuated Fasteners — Allowable Shear Loads in Sand-Lightweight Concrete over Steel Deck

Table: Table Key: Powder-Actuated and Gas-Actuated Fasteners — Allowable Shear Loads in Sand-Lightweight Concrete over Steel Deck
  1. The fastener shall not be driven until the concrete has reached the designated compressive strength.
  2. The allowable shear values are for the fastener only. Members connected to the concrete must be invesigated separately
    in accordance with accepted design criteria.
  3. Steel deck must be minimum 20 gauge and have a minimum yield strength of 38,000 psi.
  4. Shear values are for loads applied toward edge of flute.
  5. The fastener shall be installed minimum 1 1/2" from the edge of flute and 4" from the end of the deck. The minimum fastener spacing is 4".
  6. The fastener shall be installed minimum 1" from the edge of flute and 3" from the end of the deck. The minimum fastener spacing is 4".
    For GW and GTH fasteners, the fastener must be a minimum of 1 1/8" from the edge of flute.
  7. The fastener shall be installed minimum 7/8" from the edge of flute. For inverted 1.5" “B” deck configuration, the fastener must be a
    minimum of 1" from the edge of flute. Fastener must be installed miminim 3" from the end of the deck. The minimum fastener spacing is 4".
  8. The fastener shall be installed minimum 7/8" from the edge of flute and 4" from the end of the deck. The minimum fastener spacing is 4".
  9. The minimum fastener spacing is 4". The minimum edge distances are 3 1/2" and 3" for powder-actuated fasteners and gas-actuated fasteners, respectively.
  10. The allowable load values listed are for static load conditions. Refer to ICC-ES ESR-2138 and ESR-2811 code reports for seismic load conditions.

Powder-Actuated and Gas-Actuated Assemblies – Allowable Tension Loads in Sand-Lightweight Concrete over Steel Deck

Table: PPowder-Actuated and Gas-Actuated Assemblies – Allowable Tension Loads in Sand-Lightweight Concrete over Steel Deck
  1. The fastener shall not be driven until the concrete has reached the designated compressive strength.
  2. The allowable tension values are for the fastener only. Members connected to the concrete must be invesigated separately
    in accordance with accepted design criteria.
  3. Steel deck must be minimum 20 gauge and have a minimum yield strength of 38,000 psi.
  4. The fastener shall be installed minimum 1 1/2" from the edge of flute and 4" from the end of the deck. The minimum fastener spacing is 4".
  5. The fastener shall be installed minimum 1" from the edge of flute and 3" from the end of the deck. The minimum fastener spacing is 4".
  6. The fastener shall be installed minimum 7/8" from the edge of flute and 3" from the end of the deck. The minimum fastener spacing is 4".
  7. The fastener shall be installed minimum 7/8" from the edge of flute and 4" from the end of the deck. The minimum fastener spacing is 4".
  8. The allowable load values listed are for static load conditions. Refer to ICC-ES ESR-2138 and ESR-2811 code reports for seismic load conditions.

Powder-Actuated and Gas-Actuated Assemblies – Allowable Oblique Loads in Sand-Lightweight Concrete over Steel Deck

Table: Powder-Actuated and Gas-Actuated Assemblies – Allowable Oblique Loads in Sand-Lightweight Concrete over Steel Deck
  1. The fastener shall not be driven until the concrete has reached the designated compressive strength.
  2. The allowable oblique values are for the fastener only. Members connected to the concrete must be invesigated separately
    in accordance with accepted design criteria.
  3. Steel deck must be minimum 20 gauge and have a minimum yield strength of 38,000 psi.
  4. The fastener shall be installed minimum 1 1/2" from the edge of flute and 4" from the end of the deck. The minimum fastener spacing is 4".
  5. The fastener shall be installed minimum 1" from the edge of flute and 3" from the end of the deck. The minimum fastener spacing is 4".
  6. The fastener shall be installed minimum 7/8" from the edge of flute and 3" from the end of the deck. The minimum fastener spacing is 4".
  7. The fastener shall be installed minimum 7/8" from the edge of flute and 4" from the end of the deck. The minimum fastener spacing is 4".
  8. Oblique load direction is 45° from the concrete member surface.
  9. The allowable load values listed are for static load conditions. Refer to ICC-ES ESR-2138 and ESR-2811 code reports for seismic load conditions.

Powder-Actuated and Gas-Actuated Fasteners — Allowable Tension and Shear Loads in Hollow and Grout-Filled CMU4,5,8

Table: Powder-Actuated and Gas-Actuated Fasteners — Allowable Tension and Shear Loads in Hollow and Grout-Filled CMU
  1. Allowable values for fasteners in hollow lightweight concrete masonry units conforming to ASTM C90.
  2. Allowable values for fasteners in hollow medium-weight concrete masonry units conforming to ASTM C90.
  3. Allowable values for fasteners in grout-filled lightweight concrete masonry units conforming to ASTM C90 with
    coarse grout confroming to ASTM C746.
  4. The minimum allowable nominal size of the CMU must be 8" high by 8" wider by 16" long, with a minimum 1 1/4"-thick face shell thickness.
  5. Allowable values are for fasteners installed in the center of a CMU face shell. See Figure 1 for the applicable placement zone.
    Only one fastener may be installed at each cell.
  6. Minimum penetration is measured from the outside face of the CMU.
  7. Allowable values are for the fastener only. Members connected to the CMU must be investigated separately in
    accordance with accepted design criteria.
  8. The allowable load values listed are for static load conditions. Refer to ICC-ES ESR-2138 and ESR-2811 code reports
    for seismic load conditions.
Detail of Zone for Fastener Installation in Face Shell of CMU
Figure 1. Zone for Fastener Installation in Face Shell of CMU

Powder-Actuated and Gas-Actuated Fasteners — Allowable Tension Loads in Steel1

Table: Powder-Actuated and Gas-Actuated Fasteners — Allowable Tension Loads in Steel
  1. The entire pointed portion of the fastener must penetrate through the steel to obtain the tabulated values,
    unless otherwise indicated.
  2. The allowable tension values are for the fastener only. Members connected to the steel must be investigated
    separately in accordance with accepted design criteria.
  3. Steel strength must comply with the minimum requirements of ASTM A 36 (Fy = 36 ksi, Fu = 58 ksi),
    ASTM A 572, Grade 50 (Fy = 50 ksi, Fu = 65 ksi), or ASTM A992 (Fy = 50 ksi, Fu = 65 ksi).
  4. Based upon minimum penetration depth of 0.46" (11.7 mm).
  5. Based upon minimum penetration depth of 0.58" (14.7 mm).
  6. Based upon minimum penetration depth of 0.36" (9.1 mm).
  7. The fastener must be driven to where the point of the fastener penetrates through the steel.
  8. Based upon minimum penetration depth of 0.35" (8.9 mm).
  9. Based upon minimum penetration depth of 0.25" (6.4 mm).
  10. For stepped shank fasteners: (Diameter of shank above the step)/(Diameter of shank below the step.)
  11. The allowable load values listed are for static load conditions. Refer to ICC-ES ESR-2138 and
    ESR-2811 code reports for seismic load conditions.

Powder-Actuated and Gas-Actuated Fasteners — Allowable Shear Loads in Steel1

Table: Powder-Actuated and Gas-Actuated Fasteners — Allowable Shear Loads in Steel
  1. The entire pointed portion of the fastener must penetrate through the steel to obtain the tabulated values, unless otherwise indicated.
  2. The allowable shear values are for the fastener only. Members connected to the steel must be investigated separately
    in accordance with accepted design criteria.
  3. Steel strength must comply with the minimum requirements of ASTM A 36 (Fy = 36 ksi, Fu = 58 ksi),
    ASTM A 572, Grade 50 (Fy = 50 ksi, Fu = 65 ksi), or ASTM A992 (Fy = 50 ksi, Fu = 65 ksi).
  4. Based upon minimum penetration depth of 0.46" (11.7 mm).
  5. Based upon minimum penetration depth of 0.58" (14.7 mm).
  6. Based upon minimum penetration depth of 0.36" (9.1 mm).
  7. The fastener must be driven to where the point of the fastener penetrates through the steel.
  8. Based upon minimum penetration depth of 0.35" (8.9 mm).
  9. Based upon minimum penetration depth of 0.25" (6.4 mm).
  10. For stepped shank fasteners: (Diameter of shank above the step)/(Diameter of shank below the step).
  11. The allowable load values listed are for static load conditions. Refer to ICC-ES ESR-2138 and ESR-2811 code reports for seismic load conditions.

Spiral Knurl Pin Allowable Tension and Shear Loads in Cold-Formed Steel Studs

Table: Spiral Knurl Pin Allowable Tension and Shear Loads in Cold-Formed Steel Studs
  1. Entire pointed portion of the fastener must penetrate through the cold-formed steel to obtain tabulated values.
  2. The allowable tension and shear values are for the fastener only. Members connected to the cold-formed steel
    must be investigated separately in accordance with accepted design criteria.
  3. Fastener is to be installed in the center of the stud flange.
  4. Loads are based on cold-formed steel members with a minimum yield strength, Fy = 33 ksi and tensile strength,
    Fu = 45 ksi for 33 mil (20 ga.) and 43 mil (18 ga.), and minimum yield strength, Fy = 50 ksi and tensile strength,
    Fu = 65 ksi for 54 mil (16 ga.) and 68 mil (14 ga.)
Detail of Typical GDPSK Installation
Typical GDPSK Installation