These general instructions for the installer are provided to ensure proper selection and installation of Simpson Strong-Tie Company Inc. products and must be followed carefully. These general instructions are in addition to the specific installation instructions and notes provided for each particular product, all of which should be consulted prior to and during installation of Simpson Strong-Tie Company Inc. products.
- All specified fasteners must be installed according to the instructions in this catalog. Incorrect fastener quantity, size, placement, type, material, or finish may cause the connection to fail. Prior to using a particular fastener, please consult Connector Fastener Types.
- Larger-diameter fasteners may be substituted for smaller- diameter fasteners in connectors provided the larger fastener does not cause splitting in the wood member and the connector holes are not enlarged.
- Simpson Strong-Tie Strong Drive® SD Connector screws are available for use with our connectors. These are designed to replace nails in certain products. See page 335–337 in the Wood Construction Connectors Catalog for information. Screws not manufactured by Simpson Strong-Tie are not supported in our products.
- Fill all fastener holes as specified in the installation instructions for that product. Refer to the Simpson Strong-Tie Fastener Guide for the requirements of the various shaped fastener holes.
- Do not overdrive nails. Overdriven nails reduce shear capacity.
- Products shall be installed for the use specified. Use the materials specified in the installation instructions. Substitution of or failure to use specified materials may cause the connection to fail.
Do not alter installation procedures from those set forth in this catalog. See Terms and Conditions of Sale.
- Do not add fastener holes or otherwise modify Simpson Strong-Tie Company Inc. products. The performance of modified products may be substantially weakened. Simpson Strong-Tie will not warrant or guarantee the performance of such modified products.
- The proper use of certain products requires that the product be bent. For those products, installers must not bend the product more than one time (one full cycle).
- Bolt holes shall be at least a minimum of 1⁄32" and no more than a maximum of 1⁄16" larger than the bolt diameter (per the 2015/2018 NDS, Section 188.8.131.52 and AISI S100, Table E3a if applicable).
- Install all specified fasteners before loading the connection.
- Some hardened fasteners may have premature failure if exposed to moisture. These fasteners are recommended to be used in dry interior applications.
- Use proper safety equipment.
- Welding galvanized steel may produce harmful fumes; follow proper welding procedures and safety precautions. Welding should be in accordance with A.W.S. (American Welding Society) standards. Unless otherwise noted Simpson Strong-Tie® connectors cannot be welded.
- Pneumatic or powder-actuated fasteners may deflect and injure the operator or others. Pneumatic nail tools may be used to install connectors, provided the correct quantity and type of nails (length and diameter) are properly installed in the nail holes. Connectors with tool embossments or tools with nail hole-locating mechanisms should be used. CSHP coiled strap works with several manufacturers’ pneumatic framing tools. Visit strongtie.com/cshp for additional information. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions and use the appropriate safety equipment. Contact Simpson Strong-Tie. Powder-actuated fasteners should not be used to install connectors, unless noted otherwise. Reference page 161 and 163 of the Wood Construction Connectors Catalog for top-flange hanger installation with powder-actuated fasteners.
- Joist shall bear completely on the connector seat, and the gap between the joist end and the header shall not exceed 1⁄8" per ICC-ES AC13, ASTM D1761 and ASTM D7147 test standards (unless specifically noted otherwise).
- Fasteners are permitted to be installed through metal truss plates when approved by the Truss Designer in accordance with ANSI/TPI 1-2014, Section 184.108.40.206 and 8.9.2. Installation of Simpson Strong-Tie® Strong-Drive® SDS Heavy-Duty Connector screws through metal connector plates requires the plates to be pre-drilled using a maximum of a 5⁄32" bit. Do not drive nails through the truss plate on the opposite side of single-ply trusses which could force the plate off the truss.
- Nuts shall be installed such that the end of the threaded rod or bolt is at least flush with the top of the nut.
- When installing hurricane ties on the inside of the wall special considerations must be taken to prevent condensation on the inside of the completed structure in cold climates.
- Unless otherwise noted, connectors shown in this catalog have been designed to be installed at the time the framing members are installed. Contact Simpson Strong-Tie for retrofit suitability of specific connectors including those manufactured in accordance with the hanger options section of this catalog.
General Connector Installation
Top flange configuration and thickness of top flange need to be considered for flush frame conditions.
If the hanger is over-spread, it can raise the I-joist above the header and may cause uneven surfaces and squeaky floors. The ITS and IUS with up to 1⁄4" overspread (both sides combined) will not result in reduced download. It will reduce allowable uplift load.
Hanger Not Plumb
A hanger “kicked-out” from the header can cause uneven surfaces and squeaky floors.
Hangers provide some joist rotation resistance; however, additional lateral restraint may be required for deep joists.
No Rotation Resistance
Lack of web stiffeners combined with short hanger allows unwanted rotation.
Rotation Prevented by Web Stiffeners or Solid Joist and Hanger Height
Hanger height should be at least 60% of the joist height.
Rotation Prevented by Web Stiffeners or Solid Joist and Clips or Blocking
If hanger height is less than 60% of the joist height, add clips or blocking near the top.
Rotation Prevented by Lateral Flange Support
Sides of hanger laterally support the top flange of the I-joist.
No web stiffeners required.
Nailer Too Wide
The loading may cause cross-grain bending. As a general rule, the maximum allowable overhang is 1⁄4", depending on nailer thickness.
Nailer Too Narrow
Nailer should be full width.
Nailer Too Thin
Or the wrong hanger for the application.
Toe nailing causes squeaks and improper hanger installations. Do not toe nail I-joists before installing top-flange or face-mount hangers.
Positive Angle Nailing
Correct Nailing Approx. 45° Angle
Nail Too Long
Nail at Wrong Angle
For sloped joists up to 1⁄4:12 there is no reduction. For slopes greater than 1⁄4:12 see individual product pages or refer
to technical bulletin T-C-SLOPEJST.
Multiple joists should be adequately connected together to act as one unit.
Use the correct nails. Wood may split if the nails are too large. Hanger nails into flanges should not exceed 0.148" x 1 1/2". Nails into web stiffeners should not exceed 0.162" diameter.
Eccentrically Loaded I-Joists
Supporting a top flange hanger may require bottom flange restraining straps, blocking or directly-applied ceiling systems to prevent rotation at the hanger location.
Joists may be skewed up to 2 1/2° in a non-skewed hanger without any load reduction. Refer to individual hanger descriptions for information allowing any further skew applications.
Notching of joists/rafters to accommodate sloped conditions in standard (non- sloped) hangers is not recommended and can lead to premature splitting.
Do Not Notch Joist
I-Joist as a Header Installation
When face-mount hangers are attached to I-joist headers, backer blocks must be installed to provide a nailing surface for the hanger nails. The backer blocks should be installed on both sides of the web and attached together with a minimum of (10) 0.148" x 3" nails. The hanger nails should extend through the web. Contact the I-Joist manufacturer for additional design considerations.
When top-flange hangers are attached to I-joist headers, a backer block must be installed to prevent the top flange from rotating under load. The backer blocks should be installed with a minimum of (10) 0.148" x 3" nails clinched. Check with the joist manufacturer for additional design considerations.