Seismic and wind events are serious threats to structural integrity and safety. All wood-framed buildings need to be designed to resist shearwall overturning and roof-uplift forces. For one- and two-story structures, connectors (straps, hurricane ties and holdowns) have been the traditional answer. With the growth in multi-story wood-framed structures, however, rod systems have become an increasingly popular load restraint solution.
Multi-story structures present complicated design challenges. Frequently, the structures have larger windows and entrances, providing less space for traditional restraint systems. For all these reasons, there is increased need for restraint systems that can meet multi-story structural demands without sacrificing installation efficiency or cost considerations.
Continuous rod tiedown systems are able to answer these demands by restraining both lateral and uplift loads, while maintaining reasonable costs on material and labor. Instead of using metal connector brackets as in a holdown system, continuous rod tiedown systems consist of a combination of rods, coupler nuts, bearing plates and shrinkage-compensation devices. These all work together to create a continuous load path to the foundation.
Contact a Simpson Strong-Tie representative for help designing your Strong-Rod™ continuous rod tiedown solution.
Continuous rod tiedown systems are used to resist two types of tension forces – shearwall-overturning forces and uplift forces on roofs.
One type of tension force is a result of lateral (horizontal) forces due to a wind or seismic event. This force occurs at the end of shearwalls and its magnitude increases at lower levels as it accumulates the tension force from each level or shearwall above.
Roof uplift tension forces are those net vertical wind forces that occur as uplift loads at the bearing points of roof trusses or rafters of a structure. In moderate to high-wind areas, these forces are generally resisted by rafter-to-top plate connections in combination with tiedown systems spaced uniformly along exterior and interior bearing walls.
To ensure structural stability, a continuous rod tiedown system can be used in a multi-story wood-framed structure to resist shearwall overturning and roof uplift.
Simpson Strong-Tie Strong-Rod™ Systems provide both an Anchor Tiedown System for shearwall overturning restraint (Strong-Rod ATS) and an Uplift Restraint System for roofs (Strong-Rod URS).
Simpson Strong-Tie Strong-Rod™ Systems have been extensively tested by our engineering staff at our state-of-the-art, accredited labs. Our testing and expertise have been crucial in providing customers with code-listed solutions. The Strong-Rod URS solution is code-listed in evaluation report ICC-ES ESR-1161 in accordance with AC391, while the take-up devices used in both the ATS and URS solutions are code-listed in evaluation report ICC-ES ESR-2320 in accordance with AC316.